wiki / dev / replacing-udev Edit this page Edited (4d8c87f) at 2020-06-05 by Dylan Araps REPLACING UDEV ________________________________________________________________________________ As of the 20/01/2020, it is now possible to replace eudev with the device manager of your choosing. This Wiki page will cover replacing eudev with busybox mdev, however the steps are more or less the same for all other device managers (smdev, vdev, ...). CAVEATS ________________________________________________________________________________ - Xorg will be unable to automatically detect input devices. - Libinput will be unable to use its quirks system. - Some packages have an eudev dependency which cannot be removed. - lvm2 (Compile _without_ --enable-udev_sync and --enable-udev_rules) BENEFITS ________________________________________________________________________________ - Use any device manager, swap between them or use none at all. - Alternatives are simpler and lighter. - Faster boot process. PREPARATION ________________________________________________________________________________ 1. Make note of your current XKB rules, model and layout. Xorg compiled without eudev may require manual configuration to correctly set the keyboard's layout and other settings. The following command can be used to detect the current configuration from a working machine. $ setxkbmap -query rules: evdev model: pc105 layout: us 2. Make note of your keyboard and mouse's /dev/input/event* entries. We also need to point Xorg to the input device's device entries in /dev/input. The following command lists all current input devices. $ xinput | Virtual core pointer id=2 [master pointer (3)] | | Virtual core XTEST pointer id=4 [slave pointer (2)] | | touchpad0 id=6 [slave pointer (2)] | Virtual core keyboard id=3 [master keyboard (2)] | Virtual core XTEST keyboard id=5 [slave keyboard (3)] | keyboard0 id=7 [slave keyboard (3)] My keyboard has the ID '7'. The following command prints its information including the needed device node location. $ xinput --list-props 7 Device 'keyboard0': Device Enabled (169): 1 libinput Send Events Modes Available (316): 1, 0 libinput Send Events Mode Enabled (317): 0, 0 libinput Send Events Mode Enabled Default (318): 0, 0 Device Node (319): "/dev/input/event4" Device Product ID (320): 1, 1 The "Device Node (XXX):" line displays the location in /dev/ of my keyboard and is the value we will use when configuring Xorg. My keyboard is located at /dev/input/event4. This command should be repeated for any other input devices. CONFIGURING XORG ________________________________________________________________________________ When Xorg is built without eudev, Xorg will be unable to automatically find and use input devices. This requires the use of a "static" configuration using .conf files. NOTE: For this example I am configuring a touchpad alongside the keyboard. The 10-touchpad.conf file should be 1:1 transferable to a mouse's configuration. NOTE: The below files should live in /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/. * 10-keyboard.conf The 10-keyboard.conf file is used to tell Xorg how it should setup the keyboard and which device node it should interact with. Section "InputDevice" Identifier "keyboard0" Option "CoreKeyboard" Option "AutoServerLayout" "true" # Use the libinput driver. Driver "libinput" # This must point to the '/dev/input' # entry of your touchpad or mouse. Option "Device" "/dev/input/event4" # Change the values of these to match # the detected layout of the command # 'setxkbmap -query'. Option "XkbLayout" "us" Option "XkbModel" "pc105" Option "XkbRules" "evdev" EndSection * 10-touchpad.conf The 10-touchpad.conf file is used to tell Xorg how it should setup the touchpad and which device node it should interact with. Section "InputDevice" Identifier "touchpad0" Option "CorePointer" Option "AutoServerLayout" "true" # Use the libinput driver. Driver "libinput" # This must point to the '/dev/input' # entry of your touchpad or mouse. Option "Device" "/dev/input/event5" # libinput options (optional). Option "ScrollMethod" "twofinger" Option "TappingDrag" "true" Option "Tapping" "true" EndSection PURGING EUDEV ________________________________________________________________________________ * Disable the udevd service NOTE: From this point forward any device manager hotplugging functionality will be unusable. $ unlink /var/service/udevd * Remove the eudev package The removal is forced as the packages which depend on eudev will be rebuilt. $ KISS_FORCE=1 kiss r eudev * Generate a list of all packages which need to be rebuilt $ kiss-revdepends eudev libinput/depends:eudev xorg-server/depends:eudev * Rebuild all required packages NOTE: Some packages may have a mandatory dependency on eudev. You may receive errors when attempting to rebuild them. Simply re-install eudev until you are able to investigate further. NOTE: If the package manager pulls in eudev as part of the rebuild process, the package you are trying to rebuild has a mandatory dependency on eudev (and you cannot continue this exercise). $ kiss b libinput xorg-server * Verify that the eudev dependence is gone The following command should output nothing. If it does not, the outputted packages require a rebuild. $ kiss-revdepends eudev CHANGING DEVICE MANAGERS ________________________________________________________________________________ * busybox mdev Simply enable the `mdev` service. ln -s /etc/sv/mdev/ /var/service * Other device managers Open an issue in $/kisslinux/init as the init scripts will need support for other device managers. REBOOT ________________________________________________________________________________ If all went well, you should now be using mdev as your device manager while retaining a fully working graphical environment. If input doesn't work under Xorg, refer to the Xorg log file for information. ________________________________________________________________________________ Dylan Araps (C) 2019-2020 Linux(R) is the registered trademark of Linus Torvalds in the U.S. and other countries.